How did protectionism affect aboriginals?

Beginning in the late 19th century, colonial state governments began enacting “protectionist” policies that made Indigenous people wards of the state. This involved controlling all aspects of their lives, via a system of reserve confinement, institutionalisation and forced child removals.

How did Protection Act protect indigenous Australians?

The Acts gave a Board or agency (the Government Protector) comprehensive powers to regulate every aspect of Aboriginal people’s lives – from whether they lived on reserves, worked, had wages and entitlements withheld (now known as Stolen Wages), owned land, to their personal relationships and contact with family and …

What is the name of the Protection Act laws in your state for aboriginals?

CCCXLIX (349)), also known as Aborigines Protection Act of 1869, became effective from 11 July 1870. It established the Board of Protection of Aborigines, a government agency that played a significant role in the lives and affairs of Indigenous people in Victoria.

What is the Aborigines Protection Act 1869 Vic?

Aboriginal Protection Act 1869 (Vic) (transcript) Long title ‘An Act to provide for the Protection and Management of the Aboriginal Natives of Victoria’. The Aboriginal Protection Act 1869 made Victoria the first colony to create an act that allowed the government to totally regulate the lives of Aboriginal people.

What is the reconciliation policy?

Reconciliation requires the Australian community to recognise and respect the First Peoples of this land, to acknowledge the past injustices, and the ongoing inequalities, experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples since colonisation, and to commit to working towards a more equal and respectful future …

What did the protection policy control?

The 1915 amendments to the Aborigines Protection Act 1909 gave the New South Wales (NSW) Aborigines Protection Board the power to remove any Indigenous child at any time and for any reason.

What is Aboriginal policy?

The common justification for most policies for Aboriginal people was that they were ‘for their own good’. There have been policies of protection, assimilation, self-determination and reconciliation.

What were the policies of the Aboriginal Protection Board?

The Board had the power to: move Aboriginal people out of towns; set up managers, local committees and local guardians (police) for the reserves; control reserves; prevent liquor being sold to Aboriginals; and to stop whites from associating with Aboriginals or entering the reserves.

What were the Aboriginal policies?

What is the Aboriginal assimilation policy?

The policy of assimilation means that all Aborigines and part-Aborigines are expected to attain the same manner of living as other Australians and to live as members of a single Australian community, enjoying the same rights and privileges, accepting the same customs and influenced by the same beliefs as other …

What was the purpose of the Aboriginal Protection Act 1909?

The Aborigines Protection Act 1909 (25/1909) was ‘An Act to provide for the protection and care of aborigines; to repeal the Supply of Liquors to Aborigines Prevention Act; to amend the Vagrancy Act, 1902, and the Police Offences (Amendment) Act, 1908; and for purposes consequent thereon or incidental thereto.

What is reconciliation Aboriginal Australia?

Reconciliation means acknowledging Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the First Peoples of this land and recognising that these peoples were dispossessed, persecuted and oppressed as a result of colonisation in Australia.

What did the Aborigines Protection Act do?

The full title of the Act is ‘An Act to provide for the better protection and management of the Aboriginal Natives of Western Australia, and to amend the Law relating to certain Contracts with such Aboriginal Natives’. This Act established the Aborigines Protection Board and enabled the appointment of Protectors of Aborigines.

What is the Aborigines Protection Board?

The 1915 amendments to the Aborigines Protection Act 1909 gave the New South Wales (NSW) Aborigines Protection Board the power to remove any Indigenous child at any time and for any reason.

When was the policy of protection introduced in Australia?

Legislation applying the policy of protection was adopted in Victoria in 1867, Western Australia in 1886, Queensland in 1897, New South Wales in 1909, South Australia and the Northern Territory in 1910-11. [20] Church missions and Government settlements were set up and Aborigines were moved onto them.

When did the position of Chief Protector of Aborigines change?

Repealed by Aboriginal Affairs Act 1962. Similar to 1899 Act. Repealed by Community Welfare Act 1972. Position of Chief Protector replaced by the Aborigines Protection Board. Each member of the Board to be a protector of Aborigines for the whole of the state. System of regional protectors continued.