How is isooctane produced?

Isooctane use and production are expected to rise significantly in the near future. The conventional process for isooctane manufacturing involves dimerization of isobutene in a fixed bed reactor with a supported acid catalyst, followed by hydrogenation in a continuous stirred tank reactor with hydrogenation catalysts.

Is isooctane the same as octane?

Like octane, isooctane has eight carbon atoms and is also used as a fuel. Isooctane is an example of a branched chain hydrocarbon, and is a five carbon chain with three methyl groups at various points in the chain. Both ocatane and isooctane are isomers – they have the same molecular formula but different structures.

Does isooctane dissolve in water?

Isooctane appears as a clear colorless liquid with a petroleum-like odor. Less dense than water and insoluble in water.

What is isooctane fuel?

Isooctane Is a Renewable Gasoline Replacement. How can a gallon of gas be completely decarbonized? Make it with renewable isooctane, naphtha, and alcohol from the Gevo product portfolio. When gasoline is made from corn or other renewable feedstocks, it has no fossil carbon.

What is the structure of isooctane?

C8H182,2,4-Trimethylpentane / Formula

What are the chemical structures of isooctane?

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, also known as isooctane or iso-octane, is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)3CCH2CH(CH3)2. It is one of several isomers of octane (C8H18). This particular isomer is the standard 100 point on the octane rating scale (the zero point is n-heptane).

What is the density of isooctane?

690 kg/m³2,2,4-Trimethylpentane / Density
Iso-octane (formal IUPAC name 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, with CAS registry number 540-84-1) has a number of advantages as a density standard: it is a stable chemical of relatively low toxicity; its density of 692 kg⋅m–3 at ambient conditions is well matched to many applications, particularly liquid hydrocarbon fuels; its …

What is the Iupac name of isooctane?

Isooctane (or Iso-Octane), also widely known by its IUPAC name 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, C8H18, CAS 540-84-1, is an organic hydrocarbon alkane and an isomeric form of octane.

What are the products of the combustion of isooctane?

Combustion is a chemical reaction in the presence of oxygen which yields water and carbon dioxide as product. This is an exothermic reaction since it expels energy in the process.

What is the IUPAC name of Neopentane?


IUPAC Name 2,2-dimethylpropane
Alternative Names 2,2-Dimethylpropane tert-Pentane
Molecular Formula C5H12
Molar Mass 72.151 g/mol
InChI InChI=1S/C5H12/c1-5(2,3)4/h1-4H3

What is the combustion equation for isooctane?

9.3. 1 Basic Processes and Reactions

Combustion CmHnOp + (m + n/4 – p/2)O2 → mCO2 + (n/2)H2O + heat
Gas Shift Reaction
water vapor used C O + H 2 O ( g ) → C O 2 + H 2 + 37.5 k j
liquid water used C O + H 2 O ( l ) + 6.5 k j → C O 2 + H 2
Preferential CO + 0.5 O2 → CO2 + 279.5 kJ