Is Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard still supported?

On 14 January 2020, Microsoft ended support for Microsoft Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2. As such, organisations no longer receive patches for security vulnerabilities identified in these products.

What is the difference between enterprise CA and standalone CA?

At the most basic level, the basic different between a standalone CA and an Enterprise CA is that an Enterprise CA needs to be a member of the domain while a standalone CA does not. If you decide to, you can install a standalone CA on a server that is a member of the domain.

Can I still activate Server 2008 R2?

Announced by Microsoft on March 12, on January 14, 2020, Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008/2008 R2 will go out of support, and soon thereafter Office 2010. Out of support means that there will no longer be any development or security patches released for these operating systems.

How do I know if my CA is enterprise or standalone?

To determine if the CA is Standalone or Enterprise, just open CertSrv. msc console and locate Certificate Templates node. This node exist on Enterprise CAs only. It is strongly recommended to install CA server on independant box.

Can you upgrade Server 2008 to 2008 R2?

According to Microsoft, if you purchased Windows Server 2008 together with Software Assurance (SA), your upgrade to Server 2008 R2 is free. If you did not purchase SA, then unfortunately you will need to purchase R2 before upgrading.

Why is Enterprise CA greyed?

Since Windows 2008, an EnterpriseCA can only be installed on a domain member but no longer on a domain controller. Enterprise CA option is greyed out / unavailable if that’s the case. Since Windows 2008, an EnterpriseCA can only be installed on a domain member but no longer on a domain controller.

Do I need an enterprise CA?

You should use an Enterprise CA for issuing end-entity, or user and computer, certificates. It is fantastic in that role. A root CA should never be an Enterprise CA because that would expose the root CA to increased risk of attack or misconfiguration. It is considered an extremely bad practice in all cases.

What happens if Windows 2008 R2 is not activated?

With Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista, when a system was never activated or the activation process failed, the system entered reduced functionality mode (RFM) and certain function and features of the operating system would cease working.

How do I change from standalone CA to Enterprise CA?

Upgrading a CA from Standalone to Enterprise

  1. Backup the CA using the CA Management Console.
  2. Select the following options:
  3. Enter a password for the export files.
  4. Click Finish to start the export.
  5. Test restoring the database on a lab computer with the same name.

What is the difference between a root CA and a subordinate CA?

Usually, by applying for and being granted a certificate from one of the established CAs. A CA certified by another is called a subordinate CA. A CA that is not certified by any other, but relies solely on its own reputation, is called a root CA.