What African country is known for their successful family planning program?
Not until the 1980s did the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) add family planning to its maternal and child health program. In the first national survey in 1990, the CPR was only 2.3%. Given this history, the progress in Ethiopia is a remarkable success story, given the change shown in the DHS of 2000, 2005, and 2011.
Why is family planning important in Africa?
Family planning helps countries free up resources to make the infrastructure investments needed to produce high-quality productive jobs, while reducing the number of future workers entering the job market. Family planning could help position African countries to benefit from the technology revolution.
What are the modern family planning methods?
According to this definition, modern methods include contraceptive pills, condoms (male and female), intrauterine device (IUD), sterilization (male and female), injectables, hormone implants, patches, diaphragms, spermicidal agents (foam/jelly), and emergency contraception.
What is the birth rate in Sub-Saharan Africa?
The UN estimates the total fertility rate (TFR) of sub-Saharan Africa at 4.7 births per woman in 2015–2020, more than twice the level of any other world region.
Which is the best family planning method?
Contraceptives that are more than 99% effective: intrauterine device, or IUD, also called the coil (up to 5 to 10 years) female sterilisation (permanent) male sterilisation or vasectomy (permanent)
When did family planning start in Africa?
In SSA, national family planning programmes were introduced, respectively, in the late 1960s in Kenya and Nigeria , in the early 1970s in Ghana and in the mid-1970s in South Africa .
What are the types of family planning?
methods of contraception:
- long-acting reversible contraception – the implant or intra uterine device (IUD)
- hormonal contraception – the pill or the Depo Provera injection.
- barrier methods – condoms.
- emergency contraception.
- fertility awareness.
- permanent contraception – vasectomy and tubal ligation.
What is the most effective family planning method?
Contraceptives that are more than 99% effective:
- contraceptive implant (lasts up to 3 years)
- intrauterine system, or IUS (up to 5 years)
- intrauterine device, or IUD, also called the coil (up to 5 to 10 years)
- female sterilisation (permanent)
- male sterilisation or vasectomy (permanent)
What is a fertility trend?
The fertility rate at a given age is the number of children born alive to women of that age during the year as a proportion of the average annual population of women of the same age.
What is fertility transition?
The historical fertility transition is the process by which much of Europe and North. America went from high to low fertility in the nineteenth and early twentieth centu- ries. This transformation is central to recent accounts of long-run economic growth.
How common are modern contraceptives in Sub-Saharan Africa?
This study examined post-London Summit trends of modern contraceptive prevalence rates in nine settings in eight sub-Saharan African countries, which together represent almost 73 percent of the population of the 18 initial FP2020 countries in the region.
How does family planning contribute to the development of a country?
Additionally, by enabling a shift in the age structure of a population towards a favourable ratio of working population to dependent children, family planning can accelerate fertility declines and spur on the economic development of nations through demographic dividends.
What is the average rate of change in family planning?
For all women in the study, the average annual rate of change was 1.92 percent, with the average rate of change for married women even higher at 2.25 percent. Both numbers exceed the 1.4 percent benchmark set at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning.
What happened to family planning in the 1990s?
The progress of family planning, however, began to stall in the early 1990s, perhaps due to the emerging threat of HIV/AIDS at that time shifting global funding priorities: between 1992 and 2005, the percentage share of donor funding in the area of population sectors decreased from 32·1% to 8%.