What are the four pillars of safe motherhood?

The basic objectives of the Mother-Baby Package are neither new nor controversial — they are considered the ‘four pillars’ of Safe Motherhood: (1) family planning — to ensure that individuals and couples have the information and services to plan and space pregnancies; (2) antenatal care — to ensure that complications …

How can developing countries improve maternal health?

11 ideas to improve maternal health in areas of conflict and extreme poverty

  1. 1 | Empower women.
  2. 2 | Kit out refugee camps.
  3. 3| Go mobile.
  4. 4 | Use an integrated approach.
  5. 5 | Provide access to contraception and safe abortions.
  6. 6 | Make responses context-specific.
  7. 7 | Get men involved.
  8. 8 | Go back to basics.

How can morbidity and mortality be reduced?

Primary prevention, through provision of safe and adequate food/water/sanitation, appropriate shelter and site planning, immunization of vulnerable populations, institution of vector control measures and health education on hygiene/hand-washing, and prevention of CDs as well as dietary and feeding practices (including …

How can we prevent maternal mortality?

To avoid maternal deaths, it is also vital to prevent unwanted pregnancies. All women, including adolescents, need access to contraception, safe abortion services to the full extent of the law, and quality post-abortion care.

What Is Safe Motherhood Day?

National Safe Motherhood Day is an initiative of the White Ribbon Alliance. The government of India declared in 2003 the national safe motherhood day on April 11. Every year a theme is decided by White Ribbon Alliance to raise awareness about adequate access to care during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal services.

What is the meaning of reduce child mortality?

A decrease in worldwide rate of mortality in children under-five by over 50 percent, reducing from 90 to 43 deaths per 1,000 live births between 1990 and 2015. Three-fold increase in the rate of reduction of under-five mortality since the early 1990s.

What are the six pillars of safe motherhood?

The six pillars of safe motherhood include family planning, antenatal care, obstetric care, post natal care, post arbortal care and control of STI/HIV/AIDS. Ensures that couples and individuals have information, access and utilisation of family planning services.

What are the three delays?

The “Three Delays” model proposes that pregnancy-related mortality is overwhelmingly due to delays in: (1) deciding to seek appropriate medical help for an obstetric emergency; (2) reaching an appropriate obstetric facility; and (3) receiving adequate care when a facility is reached.

What are the major causes of maternal death in developing countries today?

In developing countries, at least, the most common indirect conditions leading to death or long-term complications are related to infectious or transmissible diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, hepatitis and tuberculosis. HIV/AIDS is now the leading cause of maternal death in most African countries.

How can you reduce mortality rate?

Solutions that save lives, reduce child mortality

  1. Immediate and exclusive breastfeeding.
  2. Skilled attendants for antenatal, birth, and postnatal care.
  3. Access to nutrition and micronutrients.
  4. Family knowledge of danger signs in a child’s health.
  5. Improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene.
  6. Immunizations.

What affects child mortality rate?

Globally, infectious diseases, including pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria, along with pre-term birth, birth asphyxia and trauma, and congenital anomalies remain the leading causes of death for children under five.

What causes child mortality?

The leading causes of death among children under five in 2017 were preterm birth complications, acute respiratory infections, intrapartum-related complications, congenital anomalies and diarrhea. Neonatal deaths accounted for 47% of under-five deaths in 2017.

How can maternal mortality be reduced in developing countries?

  1. Large-scale successes in reducing maternal mortality.
  2. Evidence on specific interventions. Training traditional birth attendants. Skilled birth attendants. Antenatal care. Community mobilization. Clean delivery kits.

What percentage of maternal deaths occur in developing countries?

99 percent

Is 35 too old for a baby?

If you’ve waited until a bit later in life to try to conceive, you may wonder if you’re too old to have a baby. A pregnancy after age 35 automatically puts you in the “advanced maternal age” (AMA) category. But try your best to not let that label intimidate you — successful pregnancy after 35 is still common!

What Is Safe Motherhood Initiative?

The Safe Motherhood Initiative focused its efforts on people living in low and middle-income countries. According to Maine and Rosenfield, over 500,000 women died during pregnancy and childbirth annually, and 99 percent of those deaths occurred in low-income countries.

Which country has the highest maternal mortality rate?

South Sudan

Is it hard to conceive at 38?

A typical 40-year-old has about a 40% chance of losing the pregnancy. That compares to less than 15% for someone in their 20s. By the time you’re over 45, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says getting pregnant naturally is “unlikely for most women.”

What is the percentage of birth defects after 35?

Birth defects. If you are age 35, the risk increases to 1 in 400. By age 45, it is 1 in 30.

What is the importance of safe motherhood?

Safe motherhood is a vital, compelling and cost-effective economic and social invest- ment. Promoting women’s health improves not only individual health, but also the health and survival of women’s families, the labour force and the well-being of communities and countries.

Why is it important to reduce child mortality?

Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality Programmes to improve household food security and nutrition information increase children’s chances of growing to adulthood. FAO programmes assist poor households and communities to secure access to nutritionally adequate diets and reduce child undernutrition.

At what age should woman stop having babies?

A woman’s peak reproductive years are between the late teens and late 20s. By age 30, fertility (the ability to get pregnant) starts to decline. This decline becomes more rapid once you reach your mid-30s. By 45, fertility has declined so much that getting pregnant naturally is unlikely for most women.

What are the three leading causes of infant mortality?

Causes of Infant Mortality

  • Birth defects.
  • Preterm birth and low birth weight.
  • Maternal pregnancy complications.
  • Sudden infant death syndrome.
  • Injuries (e.g., suffocation).

How do you calculate child mortality rate?

The indicator is calculated as equal to the number of deaths of children under five in a calendar year divided by the number of live births in the same year and multiplied by 1,000.

What are the major causes of maternal mortality?

The five major killers are: Severe bleeding, infections, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (eclampsia), obstructed labor and complications following unsafe abortion. Globally, about 80% of maternal deaths are due to these causes and every day, about 1000 women die due to them.

What are the benefits of safe motherhood?

Safe motherhood decreases maternal and infant mortality and morbidity. Although, most maternal and infant deaths can be prevented through safe motherhood practices, millions of women worldwide are affected by maternal mortality and morbidity from preventable causes.