What can pericarditis be mistaken for?

The presentation of acute pericarditis can often mimic that of acute myocardial infarction. Vasculitis/connective tissue disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupis erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis, CREST syndrome, and inflammatory bowel disease.

What is typical symptom for Dressler’s syndrome?

Dressler’s syndrome was first described in 1956. It is characterised by pleuritic chest pain, low-grade fever and pericarditis (autopsy shows localised fibrinous pericarditis), which may be accompanied by pericardial effusion. It tends to follow a benign clinical course.

What is the difference between pericarditis and Myopericarditis?

The terms pericarditis refers to inflammation of the pericardium and myocarditis. Both can occur together in clinical practice, and hence the term myopericarditis is used. Sometimes myopericarditis is used interchangeably with perimyocarditis.

What are the two types of pericarditis?

The main types of pericarditis include: viral pericarditis. bacterial pericarditis.

Can pericarditis be misdiagnosed?

Pericarditis can mimic other conditions, especially myocardial infarction. Family physicians should be alert to the possibility of pericarditis in patients with chest pain, because misdiagnosis can have potentially fatal consequences.

Can pericarditis resolve itself?

Pericarditis is often mild and goes away on its own. Some cases, if not treated, can lead to chronic pericarditis and serious problems that affect your heart. It can take weeks or months to recover from pericarditis.

How do you treat Dressler syndrome?

The main treatment is usually either aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Two commonly used dosing schedules are: High-dose aspirin, 750 mg to 1,000 mg every six to eight hours. The dosage is reduced every week as the symptoms of pericarditis lessen.

Is Dressler autoimmune?

Dressler’s syndrome (a.k.a. post-myocardial infarction syndrome) is an autoimmune phenomenon that can occur after myocardial infarction and manifests 2-3 weeks later as pericarditis and a pericardial effusion. The diagnosis is clinical and based on ECG changes of pericarditis.

Is pericarditis worse than myocarditis?

The clinical presentation of myocarditis can range from minor chest pain to cardiogenic shock. Indeed, myocarditis is associated with more serious long-term sequelae than pericarditis is, the most serious of which are dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure.

What are the 3 types of Carditis?


  • PERICARDITIS. Pericarditis, inflammation of the fibroserous sac enclosing the heart, manifests itself as one of three types as a result of the bodies reaction to the infecting agent:

Which viruses cause pericarditis?

Causative viruses include coxsackievirus B, echovirus, adenoviruses, influenza A and B viruses, enterovirus, mumps virus, Epstein-Barr virus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1, varicella-zoster virus (VZV), measles virus, parainfluenza virus (PIV) type 2, and respiratory syncytial …

What is the best test for pericarditis?

The diagnostic test of choice for large effusions, cardiac tamponade, and constrictive pericarditis is two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography.