What did the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda do?
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) is the first international court of law established to prosecute high-ranking individuals for massive human rights violations in Africa. The purpose of this court is to prosecute those allegedly responsible for the 1994 Rwandan Genocide.
Is Rwanda part of ICC?
The ICC President encouraged Rwanda to become a party to the Court’s founding treaty, the Rome Statute, in order to enlarge its universality.
Where is the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda based?
The Tribunal is located in Arusha, Tanzania, and has offices in Kigali, Rwanda. Its Appeals Chamber is located in The Hague, Netherlands. Since it opened in 1995, the Tribunal has indicted 93 individuals whom it considered responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Rwanda in 1994.
Is the ICTR still active?
The Tribunal was officially closed on 31 December 2016. The tribunal’s failure to prosecute war crimes committed by the Rwandan Patriotic Front or try RPF leader Paul Kagame was widely criticized, to the point of being characterized as “victor’s justice”.
When was ICTY created?
25 May 1993
On 25 May 1993, the UN Security Council passed resolution 827 formally establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, known as the ICTY.
How much did the ICTY cost?
The annual budget for the ICTY has gone up 500-fold since it began life in 1993. Then, it was a modest $276,000 (£176,000). For the two-year period 2010-11, it had risen to over $301m (£192m). Over this period, more than 60 people have been convicted and proceedings against 40-plus defendants are still ongoing.
How did the Rwandan genocide affect Rwanda?
After the genocide ended in July 1994, Rwanda was a devastated country. Its basic infrastructure was destroyed, millions of people were displaced, and many surviving Tutsis had lost their families. Many women suffered the consequences of rape and sexual violence.
How did the Rwanda genocide happen?
The 1994 genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda In the aftermath of the attack on President Habyarimana’s plane, extremist Hutus began a concerted attack against Tutsi in Rwanda. From April to July 1994, massacres were carried out by government forces as well as armed militia known as the Interahamwe.
How did the Rwanda genocide end?
The genocide ended when the Tutsi-dominated rebel movement, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), captured Kigali. The RPF overthrew the Hutu government and seized power.