What do you mean by pyogenic arthritis?
Pyogenic, or septic, arthritis is a serious and painful infection of a joint. It is most often caused by bacteria, such as staphylococcus or streptococcus, but can also be caused by a fungus or virus.
How is pyogenic arthritis treated?
Septic arthritis often needs treatment right away with antibiotics. This can improve symptoms within 48 hours. Some infections caused by fungi need treatment with antifungal medicine. Viral infections are not treated with medicine.
What is the most common cause of septic arthritis?
Septic arthritis can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infections. Bacterial infection with Staphylococcus aureus (staph) is the most common cause. Staph commonly lives on even healthy skin.
What is syphilitic arthritis?
Syphilitic arthritis presents as marked swelling, tenderness, and restricted range of motion in the affected joints. Polyarthritis with synovitis is associated with tertiary syphilis. Synovitis is the primary reason for rheumatic features in syphilis and usually presents as migratory polyarthralgia.
What are the pyogenic bacteria?
Some of the common etiological agents responsible for causing pyogenic infections are bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Proteus spp., Pseudomonas spp., and Acinetobacter spp.
What are the 5 types of arthritis?
5 Common Types of Arthritis
- Rheumatoid Arthritis.
- Psoriatic Arthritis.
What are the two main types of arthritis?
The two main types of arthritis — osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis — damage joints in different ways.
Can fungal arthritis be cured?
The goal of treatment is to cure the infection using antifungal drugs. Commonly used antifungal drugs are amphotericin B or drugs in the azole family (fluconazole, ketoconazole, or itraconazole). Chronic or advanced bone or joint infection may require surgery (debridement) to remove the infected tissue.
How do you get fungal arthritis?
Fungal arthritis is usually caused by the fungus traveling through the bloodstream to reside in the joint. This manner of infection through the blood is referred to as hematogenous spread. Alternatively, if medication that is contaminated by fungus is directly injected into the joint, fungal arthritis can result.
How do you prevent septic arthritis?
It is possible to prevent septic arthritis by avoiding infections, puncture wounds, and damage to the skin.
What antibiotics are used for septic arthritis?
Treatment options include vancomycin for gram-positive cocci, ceftriaxone (Rocephin) for gram-negative cocci, and ceftazidime (Fortaz) for gram-negative rods (Table 532).