What does desquamative gingivitis look like?

Gingival desquamation is a clinical sign in which the gingiva appears reddish, glazed and friable with destruction of the epithelium. Gingival desquamation may be the result of various disease processes in gingiva.

Is desquamative gingivitis an autoimmune disease?

Desquamative gingivitis represents a distinct clinical manifestation of autoimmune blistering diseases, hypersensitivity reactions, or oral lichen planus.

Is erythema multiforme in the mouth?

Erythema multiforme is a skin reaction that can be triggered by an infection or some medicines. It’s usually mild and goes away in a few weeks. There’s also a rare, severe form that can affect the mouth, genitals and eyes and can be life-threatening. This is known as erythema multiforme major.

What are Desquamative lesions?

Desquamative gingivitis involves lesions of the free and attached gingiva. Unlike plaque-induced inflammation of the gums (normal marginal gingivitis), desquamative gingivitis extends beyond the marginal gingiva, involving the full width of the gingiva and sometimes the alveolar mucosa.

Can desquamative gingivitis be cured?

Despite the availability of many therapeutic agents that claim to reduce severity, no intervention that is completely successful for treatment of desquamative gingivitis exists. The gingival lesions are usually treated by improved oral hygiene measures and occlusive topical and systemic corticosteroid therapy.

How is desquamative gingivitis diagnosed?

Definitive diagnosis of DG should be made by incisional biopsy, histopathological examination and DIF. Gingival lesions are controlled by improving oral hygiene and the use of topical corticosteroids. If there is an underlying systemic disease, the case should be consulted with the physician.

How do you treat desquamative gingivitis?

How long does desquamative gingivitis last?

Although the intraoral presence of desquamative gingival lesions differ, various durations from 2 months to 25 years have been reported (13).

How is oral erythema multiforme treated?

Symptomatic treatment with topical steroids or antihistamines is recommended for acute episodes of uncomplicated erythema multiforme. Oral anesthetics may be helpful in decreasing the pain of oral erythema multiforme lesions.

What triggers erythema multiforme?

In most cases, erythema multiforme is precipitated by herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection; alternative triggers include other infections, medications, and vaccinations.

How long does Desquamative gingivitis last?

Is Desquamative gingivitis painful?

Periodontal conditions vary in their level of pain and severity, but desquamative gingivitis (DG) is one of those delicate gingival conditions that can be extremely painful for sufferers. DG is a term used to describe a number of vesiculobullous oral autoimmune diseases.