What is bacterial endocarditis?

Bacterial endocarditis refers to infection of the endocardial surface of the heart. It usually involves heart valves, but it can occur on the endocardium or intracardiac devices.

What is subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE)?

What Is Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis? Subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE) is a slowly developing type of infective endocarditis — an infection of the lining of your heart (endocardium). Infective endocarditis can affect your heart’s valves, too.

What is invasive endocarditis (IE)?

Infective endocarditis (IE), also called bacterial endocarditis (BE), is an infection caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart lining, a heart valve or a blood vessel.

What is the difference between endocarditis and abnormal growth?

Abnormal growths (vegetations) that contain collections of bacteria may form in your heart at the site of the infection and damage the heart valves, which can cause them to leak. Endocarditis is a life-threatening inflammation of the inner lining of your heart’s chambers and valves (endocardium).

What are the AHA guidelines for the prevention of bacterial endocarditis?

Preventing Bacterial Endocarditis: American Heart Association Guidelines. Particular attention should be given to unexplained fever, night chills, weakness, myalgia, arthralgia, lethargy or malaise in a patient who has had a dental or surgical procedure.

How is endocarditis prophylaxis used to treat bacteremia?

Prophylactic regimens are directed at the organisms most likely to result in bacteremia during a procedure. Endocarditis prophylaxis is most effective when an antibiotic is given perioperatively in a dose sufficient to ensure an adequate serum concentration of the drug during and after the procedure.

Can antibiotics prevent the recurrence of bacterial endocarditis?

In particular, antibiotic regimens used to prevent the recurrence of acute rheumatic fever are inadequate for the prevention of bacterial endocarditis.