What is cutaneous tuberculosis?
a) Cutaneous tuberculosis is the result of acute skin infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M. bovis or bacillus Calmette-Guerin. b) Extrapulmonary tuberculosis constitutes about 10% of all cases, and cutaneous tuberculosis represents a small portion of these, around 1%.
What causes cutaneous tuberculosis?
Cutaneous tuberculosis is nearly always caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the tubercle bacillus. This is an acid-fast mycobacterium; other examples of mycobacterial skin infections include leprosy (M. leprae) and atypical mycobacterial infections such as M. marinum.
How is cutaneous tuberculosis treated?
If you have an active TB disease you will probably be treated with a combination of antibacterial medications for a period of six to 12 months. The most common treatment for active TB is isoniazid INH in combination with three other drugs—rifampin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol.
How is cutaneous TB diagnosed?
True cutaneous tuberculosis lesions can be acquired either exogenously or endogenously, show a wide spectrum of morphology and M. tuberculosis can be diagnosed by acid-fast bacilli (AFB) stains, culture or polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
How is TB treated in the Philippines?
Current Tuberculosis Treatment In the Philippines, effective anti-tuberculosis drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, Pyrazinamide, Ethambutol, and Streptomycin) are available for free-of-charge through national and local government health centers (Philippine Department of Health).
Is skin TB communicable?
1–4 Most often TB is an airborne transmissible disease with skin manifestations presenting as a result of hematogenous spread or direct extension from a latent or active foci of infection.
What does skin TB look like?
If you’ve been infected with Mtb, your skin around the site of the injection should start to swell and harden by 48 to 72 hours. This bump, or induration as it’s referred to clinically, will also turn red. The size of the induration, not the redness, is used to determine your results.
How to tell if you have tuberculosis?
– Usually has a skin test or blood test result indicating TB infection – May have an abnormal chest x-ray, or positive sputum smear or culture – Has active TB bacteria in his/her body – Usually feels sick and may have symptoms such as coughing, fever, and weight loss – May spread TB bacteria to others – Needs treatment to treat TB disease
What are the warning signs of tuberculosis?
A cough that lasts more than 3 weeks
How do you diagnose TB?
a CT scan,MRI scan or ultrasound scan of the affected part of the body
How to cure tuberculosis?
The new diagnostic equipment and treatment medications delivered today directly support Vietnam’s National Tuberculosis Program’s “Double X” strategy to improve TB case detection and increase uptake of TB preventive therapy in our joint effort to end TB in Vietnam.