What is key characteristic of tunnel diode explain tunnel diode main application?

A Tunnel diode is a heavily doped p-n junction diode in which the electric current decreases as the voltage increases. In tunnel diode, electric current is caused by “Tunneling”. The tunnel diode is used as a very fast switching device in computers. It is also used in high-frequency oscillators and amplifiers.

What are the characteristics of tunnel diode?

The I-V characteristics of a tunnel diode exhibit

  • current-controlled negative resistance.
  • voltage-controlled negative resistance.
  • temperature-controlled positive resistance.
  • current-controlled positive resistance.

What are the advantages of tunnel diode?

Following are the benefits or advantages of Tunnel diode: ➨Current due to majority carriers in tunnel diode responds much faster to voltage changes. This property of tunnel diode is very useful at microwaves for high speed applications. ➨It is a low power device.

What is VI characteristics of pn junction diode?

VI characteristics of PN junction diodes is a curve between the voltage and current through the circuit. Voltage is taken along the x-axis while the current is taken along the y-axis.

What is tunneling explain its practical applications?

Quantum tunneling plays an essential role in physical phenomena, such as nuclear fusion. It has applications in the tunnel diode, quantum computing, and in the scanning tunneling microscope. The effect was predicted in the early 20th century. Its acceptance as a general physical phenomenon came mid-century.

What are the applications of tunnel diode?


  • Tunnel diode is used in different oscillators like relaxation, microwave, etc.
  • It is used as a switching device with very high speed.
  • It is used like a logic memory storage device.
  • It is used as a microwave oscillator with high frequency.
  • This diode is used as an oscillator, amplifier & switch.

What is advantage and disadvantage of tunnel diode?

Being two terminal device, it provides no isolation between output and input circuit. The power output levels of tunnel diode are restricted to only a few milliwatts because the applied DC potential must be less than bandgap potential of the diode.

What is a VI characteristic?

What is V-I Characteristics? V-I characteristics stand for voltage-current characteristics of an electrical component or device. The V-I graph yields valuable information about the resistance and breaks down an electronic component.

What is diode and VI characteristics of diode?

VI characteristics of PN junction diodes is a curve between the voltage and current through the circuit. Voltage is taken along the x-axis while the current is taken along the y-axis. The above graph is the VI characteristics curve of the PN junction diode.

What is tunneling effect in tunnel diode?

As the width of the depletion layer reduces, charge carriers can easily cross the junction. Charge carriers do not need any form of kinetic energy to move across the junction. Instead, carriers punch through the junction. This effect is called Tunneling and hence the diode is called Tunnel Diode.

What is tunnelling phenomenon?

tunneling, also called barrier penetration, in physics, passage of minute particles through seemingly impassable force barriers. The phenomenon first drew attention in the case of alpha decay, in which alpha particles (nuclei of helium atoms) escape from certain radioactive atomic nuclei.

How tunnel diode is used in modern technology?

The tunnel diode is used in many mmWave and microwave circuit designs where it can be used in oscillator and amplifier circuit designs. The tunnel diode is a type of mmWave and microwave semiconductor diode that can be used in microwave oscillators and also microwave amplifiers.

What is the V-I characteristic of a tunnel diode?

Figure 5 shows the V-I characteristic of a tunnel diode. (i). As we can see in the plot shown, when the forward voltage across the tunnel diode increases from zero, the electrons from the n region “tunnel” through the barrier to the p region. As the forward voltage increases the diode current also increases until the peak point A.

What happens to a tunnel diode when the voltage increases?

After the point VV, the tunnel diode behaves as a normal diode. When the forward voltage applied across the tunnel diode increased from zero, electrons from n- region tunnel through the potential barrier to the p- region. When the forward voltage (VP) increases, the diode current increases till the peak-point (IP).

What are tunnel diodes used for?

The tunnel diodes (operating in negative resistance region) are used in high speed applications such as in computers, oscillators, switching networks, pulse generators, and amplifiers where switching times are in the order of nanoseconds.

What is the concentration of dopants in tunnel diode?

The concentration of dopants in both p and n region is very high, at around 10 24 – 10 25 m -3. The pn junction is also abrupt. For this reasons, the depletion layer width is very small. In the current voltage characteristics of tunnel diode, we can find a negative slope region when a forward bias is applied.