What is the cytosol quizlet?
cytosol. the region of a eukaryotic cell that is inside the plasma membrane and outside the organelles. cytoplasm. region of the cell that is contained within the plasma membrane. metabolism.
What is the cytosol in biology?
cytosol. / (ˈsaɪtəʊˌsɒl) / noun. the solution of proteins and metabolites inside a biological cell, in which the organelles are suspended.
What is cytosol in short answer?
Cytosol is the liquid found inside of cells. It is the water-based solution in which organelles, proteins, and other cell structures float. The cytosol of any cell is a complex solution, whose properties allow the functions of life to take place.
What is the difference between cytoplasm and cytosol quizlet?
What is the difference between Cytoplasm and Cytosol? Cytoplasm is the entire contents within the cell membrane, including the organelles but not including the contents of the nucleus. Cytosol is the intracellular fluid, not including the contents within the organelles.
What pathway is present in the cytosol quizlet?
Glycolysis takes place in the cytosol, does not involve oxygen, and is present in most organisms.
Where in the cell would you find the cytosol quizlet?
Material located between plasma membrane and the membrane surrounding the nucleus.
What is the main function of cytosol?
Cytosol Functions The cytosol serves several functions within a cell. It is involved in signal transduction between the cell membrane and the nucleus and organelles. It transports metabolites from their production site to other parts of the cell. It is important for cytokinesis, when the cell divides in mitosis.
What is the main substance of cytosol?
The cytosol consists mostly of water, dissolved ions, small molecules, and large water-soluble molecules (such as proteins). The majority of these non-protein molecules have a molecular mass of less than 300 Da.
What processes occur in the cytosol?
Major metabolic pathways that occur in the cytosol in animals are protein biosynthesis, the pentose phosphate pathway, glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. The localization of pathways can be different in other organisms, for instance fatty acid synthesis occurs in chloroplasts in plants and in apicoplasts in apicomplexa.
How do the cytosol and cytoplasm differ?
Cytosol is known as the matrix of the cytoplasm. It surrounds the cell organelles in eukaryotes. In prokaryotes, all the metabolic reactions occur here. Thus, we can infer that while cytosol is the fluid contained in the cell cytoplasm, cytoplasm is the entire content within the cell membrane.
What is the function of cytoplasm and cytosol?
In a prokaryotic cell, cytosol is the host of almost all chemical reactions and metabolic processes that take place within the cell. Also, cytosol is the site for cell communication, while cytoplasm plays host to certain large-scale processes, such as cell division and glycolysis.
Which of the following statements best helps explain the reaction specificity of hexokinase?
Which of the following statements best helps explain the reaction specificity of hexokinase? Glucose has the right shape and charge to cause hexokinase to undergo a structural change needed for catalysis, whereas water does not.