What is urinalysis microscopic?
Microscopic urinalysis is often done as part of an overall urinalysis. After a urine (pee) sample is collected, it’s put into a centrifuge — a special machine that separates the liquid in the urine from any solid components that may be present, such as blood cells, mineral crystals, or microorganisms.
What are the 4 parts of a urinalysis?
A complete urinalysis consists of three components or examinations: physical, chemical, and microscopical. Physical examination describes the volume, color, clarity, odor, and specific gravity.
What are the microscopic components of urine?
The basic level is the minimum for anyone examining urine samples and consists of description and identification of erythrocytes, leukocytes, epithelial cells, hyaline/non-hyaline casts, bacteria, Trichomonas, spermatozoa, artefacts (hairs/fibres etc.), lipid droplets and crystals.
What is the normal result for urinalysis?
Normal values are as follows: Color – Yellow (light/pale to dark/deep amber) Clarity/turbidity – Clear or cloudy. pH – 4.5-8.
What is a normal urinalysis?
Normal urine can vary from pale light yellow to a dark amber color. Highly concentrated urine has a darker yellow appearance. This may be seen in patients who are volume depleted. In contrast, dilute urine has a lighter yellow appearance.
What is WBC in urine?
White Blood Cells: A high number of white blood cells in the urine indicates inflammation of the kidneys or urinary tract. Like the test for red blood cells, this test can be misread if the sample is contaminated; in this instance, contamination can occur from vaginal secretions, which are high in white blood cells.
What is the normal urinalysis result?
Normal urinary proteins values are less than 150 mg/d and are undetectable using urinary dipstick. The urinary dipstick only detects the presence of albumin and no other proteins. When urinary protein values exceed 300-500 mg/d, the dipstick test result becomes positive.
What are normal urinalysis levels?
Urine normal values are:
|Urine substances to be checked||Normal values|
|Volume||Normal range = 1200 to 2000 mL Average = 1400 mL Extreme range = 600 to 3600 mL|
|Specific gravity||1.008 to 1.030 Average = 1.018 1.012 to 1.025 Concentrated urine = 1.025 to 1.030+ Dilute urine =1.001 to 1.010 Infant <2 years = 1.001 to 1.018|