What was a poor house in the 1800s?

Poorhouses were tax-supported residential institutions to which people were required to go if they could not support themselves. They were started as a method of providing a less expensive (to the taxpayers) alternative to what we would now days call “welfare” – what was called “outdoor relief” in those days.

What was a poorhouse in Scotland?

Poorhouses were built and run by the parochial boards of each parish. Poorhouses were for paupers who did not receive “outdoor relief” (usually small weekly sums of money). The regime, diet, and living conditions of poorhouses were severe, so as to discourage applications from those who could rely on family support.

Were there workhouses in Scotland?

The Scottish poorhouse, occasionally referred to as a workhouse, provided accommodation for the destitute and poor in Scotland.

What was a poorhouse in England?

In Britain, a workhouse (Welsh: tloty) was a total institution where those unable to support themselves financially were offered accommodation and employment. (In Scotland, they were usually known as poorhouses.)

What was it like in a poor house?

In these facilities, poor people ate thrifty, unpalatable food, slept in crowded, often unsanitary conditions, and were put to work breaking stones, crushing bones, spinning cloth or doing domestic labor, among other jobs. In the United States, the idea emigrated along with English colonists.

What was the poor house called?

A poorhouse or workhouse is a government-run (usually by a county or municipality) facility to support and provide housing for the dependent or needy.

What is a parish poor house?

Before the introduction of the Poor Laws, each parish would maintain its own workhouse and often these rural ‘poor houses’ would be simple farms with the occupants dividing their times between working the farm and employed on maintaining local roads and other parish works.

Who owned workhouses?

Now under the new system of Poor Law Unions, the workhouses were run by “Guardians” who were often local businessmen who, as described by Dickens, were merciless administrators who sought profit and delighted in the destitution of others.

What is the difference between poorhouse and workhouse?

In other countries, e.g. the USA, there was a similar distinction between the poorhouse (for the destitute, old and sick) and the workhouse (a place where hard labour was required of able-bodied paupers, including petty criminals serving a short sentence there).

What happened in poor houses?

What happened to Craiglockhart’s City Poorhouse?

Founded in 1867, The City Poorhouse was built at a cost of £35,000 and could house over 1,100 inmates. Of these, 730 were in located in the main poorhouse, 260 in the infirmary, and 160 in the lunatic asylum. Craiglockhart Poorhouse has since been converted into housing. Picture: Kim Traynor

What has happened to Craigleith’s old poorhouse?

Craiglockhart Poorhouse has since been converted into housing. Picture: Kim Traynor Craigleith poorhouse and hospital was founded by St Cuthbert’s parish in 1868 to replace the original St Cuthbert’s poorhouse located just west of Lothian Road. The previous building was demolished to make way for Princes Street Railway Station.

Where is the poor house in Edinburgh Scotland?

THE EDINBURGH POOR-HOUSE. A NEW poor-house for the city of Edinburgh has been erected at Craiglockhart. The site is within a very short distance of the city, and yet the scene is as quiet and as thoroughly secluded as if it were miles away.

What is Craiglockhart like to live in?

Craiglockhart today is chiefly residential, with a small proportion of commercial properties, and is in general considered to be a comfortable middle-class area, with a mixture of terraced and detached villas, of a variety of ages.