Which law protects the rights of a minority group?

the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

What is an example of a minority group?

The term usually refers to any group that is subjected to oppression and discrimination by those in more powerful social positions, whether or not the group is a numerical minority. Examples of groups that have been labeled minorities include African Americans, women, and immigrants among others.

When did the government restrict minority rights?

Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Beyond.

What are the four types of minority groups?

But in the 1990s, the term “minority” usually refers to four major racial and ethnic groups: African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asians and Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics. This transformation of America’s racial and ethnic profile is most visible in certain states and communities.

What does minority ethnic mean?

An ethnic minority is a group of people who differ in race or color or in national, religious, or cultural origin from the dominant group — often the majority population — of the country in which they live.

What are the major problems facing ethnic minority elders in our society?


  • Blocked Opportunities.
  • Disparities in Health Care Access.
  • Immigration and Health Levels.
  • Linguistic and Cultural Barriers to Care.
  • Cultural and Neighborhood Protective Factors.

How many fundamental freedoms are there?

The Fundamental Rights have been classified under the six categories-Right to Freedom, Right to Equality, Right against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational rights and Right to constitutional remedies.

Why should we respect minorities?

The participation of persons belonging to minorities in public affairs and in all aspects of the political, economic, social and cultural life of the country where they live is in fact essential to preserving their identity and combating social exclusion.

What rights do minorities have in a democracy?

In principle, in accordance with the UN Pact on civil and political rights, members of minorities have the right, individually or as a group, to freely express, preserve and further develop their ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identities, free from all attempts to assimilate them against their will.

What is an example of minority rights?

Minority rights are individual and collective rights through which people belonging to national minority groups are entitled to enjoy their own culture, to use their own language, to profess and practice their own religion, to have the right to freedom of expression and assembly, to have equal opportunities to …

What are the minority rights under Indian constitution?

Article 30 of the Indian Constitution states the right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions. It says: “All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.”

What are the characteristics of minority groups?

According to Charles Wagley and Marvin Harris (1958), a minority group is distinguished by five characteristics: (1) unequal treatment and less power over their lives, (2) distinguishing physical or cultural traits like skin colour or language, (3) involuntary membership in the group, (4) awareness of subordination.

What are minority issues?

Minorities often face discrimination and exclusion, and they struggle to gain access to their human rights, even under conditions of full and unquestioned citizenship. Denying or stripping them of citizenship can be an effective method of compounding their vulnerability, and can even lead to mass expulsion.

What human rights have been violated?

Civil and political rights are violated through genocide, torture, and arbitrary arrest. These violations often happen during times of war, and when a human rights violation intersects with the breaking of laws about armed conflict, it’s known as a war crime.

What is minority act?

THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR MINORITIES. ACT, 1992. (19 of 1992) [17th May, 19921 An Act to constitute a National Commission for Minorities and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Be it enacted by Parliament in the Forty-third Year of the Republic of India as.

What are the rights of minorities in Pakistan?

The Constitution of Pakistan, in article 25 (1), guarantees that “all citizens are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection of law.” Article 5 provides that “adequate provision shall be made for the minorities to freely profess and practice their religions and develop their cultures,” and article 33 …

Why are civil rights laws necessary?

The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement.

What are some civil right laws?

Examples of civil rights include the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to government services, the right to a public education, and the right to use public facilities.