Why do cultures change?
Cultural change can have many causes, including the environment, technological inventions, and contact with other cultures. Additionally, cultural ideas may transfer from one society to another, through diffusion or acculturation. Discovery and invention are mechanisms of social and cultural change.
What culture did Margaret Mead study?
As an anthropologist, Mead was best known for her studies of the nonliterate peoples of Oceania, especially with regard to various aspects of psychology and culture—the cultural conditioning of sexual behaviour, natural character, and culture change.
Do basic components of culture vary from society to society?
Culture has two basic components: non-material culture, or the intangible creations of human society, and material culture, the tangible products of human society. These values and cultures vary from society to society. These two components describe a people’s way of life.
Why is it important to reflect on values and beliefs?
Being aware of our values and attitudes is important because it helps us to: identify why we are doing what we are doing. identify what the consequences of our actions will be for ourselves or for the young person or colleague. consider other or better options.
Is Margaret Mead a feminist?
Along withMargaret Mead she is one of the most prominent female anthropologists of the first half of this century. Margaret Mead (1901-1978) was a key figure in the second wave of feminist anthropology, inasmuch as her work clearly distinguished between sex and gender as categories of anthropological thought.
Why do we need to understand culture?
It Promotes Understanding. Lots of problems can arise from misunderstandings, especially because we live in a multicultural world. By learning and understanding different cultures you understand why people do things the way they do. When you identify with other people, you sympathize with their situation.
How does ethnocentrism affect a person’s perceptions of others?
Ethnocentrism can create problems in our perceptions of people, places, and cultures, especially when approaching them without knowledge or experience of the other culture. Prejudice is similar to ethnocentrism in that it is based on the lack of, or bad information about the other culture a leader is dealing with.