Why is the flora of the Hengduan Mountains so biodiverse?

A common hypothesis for the rich biodiversity found in mountains is uplift-driven diversification—that orogeny creates conditions favoring rapid in situ speciation of resident lineages.

What animals live in the Hengduan Mountains?

In addition to the snub-nosed monkey, mammals of conservation significance include the endangered red panda, vulnerable clouded leopard and three species of musk deer.

What proportion of China’s plant species can be found in the Hengduan Mountains quizlet?

The Hengduan Mountains also had the most species-rich genera (10) with more than 50% of their total species diversity in China.

Where are the Hengduan Mountains located?

southwest China
The Hengduan Mountains (simplified Chinese: 横断山脉; traditional Chinese: 橫斷山脈; pinyin: Héngduàn Shānmài) are a group of mountain ranges in southwest China that connect the southeast portions of the Tibetan Plateau with the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau.

What kind of animals live in southwest China?

The Endangered red panda (Ailurus fulgens), a smaller relative of the giant panda, is also found here. Other important mammal flagships include the Endangered golden monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) and the Endangered black snub-nosed monkey (R. bieti), which lives at higher altitudes than any other non-human primate.

Are the Himalayan mountains in Pakistan?

The Himalayas, which have long been a physical and cultural divide between South and Central Asia, form the northern rampart of the subcontinent, and their western ranges occupy the entire northern end of Pakistan, extending about 200 miles (320 km) into the country.

How do ancient flowers like archaefructus differ from modern flowers like lilies?

How is Archaefructus different from a Lily? The different organs were spread along the stem, but evolution pulled these organs together for more efficient pollination.

In which geological age did Sun Ge think archaefructus belonged?

NARRATOR: Sun Ge and Dilcher dated Archaefructus at just over 140 million years old, based on the other fossils found in this area. This put it in the Jurassic period, the age of dinosaurs. No one had ever found a flowering plant from the Jurassic period.

What is the largest mountain range in southwestern China?

In southwestern China, just northeast of the borders of India and Myanmar, lies a mountain range known as the Hengduan Shan (sometimes Heng-tuan Shan). The mountains run generally north-south with a slight tilt toward the west at their northern end.

What are 3 native animals from China?

Animals such as the giant panda are endemic to China. Some of the animals that are native to China include the Asian elephant, sable, dugong, Pallas cat, North China leopard, binturong, clouded leopard, Tibetan macaque, golden snub-nosed monkey, and the giant panda.

Which is the only mammal that can fly?

6. Bats are the only flying mammal. While the flying squirrel can only glide for short distances, bats are true fliers.