What are supererogatory actions?
In ethics, an act is supererogatory if it is good but not morally required to be done. It refers to an act that is more than is necessary, when another course of action—involving less—would still be an acceptable action. It differs from a duty, which is an act wrong not to do, and from acts morally neutral.
What is a supererogatory action quizlet?
Supererogatory Action. an action that is. praiseworthy on moral grounds, but not. morally obligatory.
What is an example of supererogatory?
Typical examples of supererogatory acts are saintly and heroic acts, which involve great sacrifice and risk for the agent and a great benefit to the recipient. However, more ordinary acts of charity, beneficence, and generosity are equally supererogatory.
What would an act utilitarian say about supererogatory acts?
An act is supererogatory if and only if it meets the following three conditions: (1) it’s morally optional, (2) it’s morally praiseworthy, and (3) it goes beyond the call of duty.
What’s another word for supererogatory?
Supererogatory Synonyms – WordHippo Thesaurus….What is another word for supererogatory?
What is the difference between obligatory and supererogatory?
The third approach appeals to virtue and vice, holding that obligatory actions are those failure to perform which reveals some defect in the agent’s character, while supererogatory actions are those that may be omitted without vice.
What is the difference between an obligatory action and a supererogatory action?
What is an impermissible action?
Something impermissible isn’t allowed. It’s impermissible in every part of the U.S. to drive 100 miles an hour on the highway. Things that are permissible are legal, authorized, or welcome — you are permitted to do them.
What would an act utilitarian do?
It holds, quite simply, the following: Act utilitarianism: An act is right if and only if it results in at least as much overall well-being as any act the agent could have performed. In other words, in any situation, an agent acts rightly if she maximizes overall well-being, and wrongly if she does not.
What are the utilitarian rules of morality?
According to rule utilitarians, a) a specific action is morally justified if it conforms to a justified moral rule; and b) a moral rule is justified if its inclusion into our moral code would create more utility than other possible rules (or no rule at all).
How do you use Supererogatory in a sentence?
Supererogatory in a Sentence 🔉
- A supererogatory act includes extra credit work in class.
- The medic was a supererogatory hero for running back onto the battlefield to save soldiers after being ordered to withdraw.
- My supererogatory teacher went out of her way to print review sheets for all of us.
What is the meaning Supererogation?
Supererogation is the technical term for the class of actions that go “beyond the call of duty.” Roughly speaking, supererogatory acts are morally good although not (strictly) required.
What are supererogatory acts?
Supererogatory acts in Urmson’s sense (which is reminiscent of the Catholic doctrine) include only actions that are morally praiseworthy, valuable, although not obligatory in the sense that their omission is not blameworthy.
What is anti-supererogationism?
Anti-supererogationism: since all morally good action is obligatory, there cannot be a separate class of morally good action the omission of which is not wrong.
What are some examples of morally good actions that are not supererogatory?
There are however examples of morally good actions which can be denied a supererogatory status only with much difficulty. Volunteering is a typical act that cannot be reduced to a duty, even not in a hypothetical manner as qualified supererogationism might try to do.
What is supererogation and why does it matter?
But this double role of normative discourse inevitably raises the idea of supererogation, the category of actions that are praiseworthy (either in creating good states of affairs or in reflecting a particularly virtuous trait of character) yet at the same time not obligatory.