What causes Arytenoid inflammation?

Arytenoid chondritis has been recognized with increased frequency in recent years. The cause is usually unknown although some cases follow surgical or accidental insult to the laryngeal cartilages. Typically there is swelling and distortion of the arytenoid cartilage.

What is laryngeal chondritis?

Laryngeal chondritis is a disease of undetermined aetiology, characterised by oedema, ulceration, abscessation and necrosis of the laryngeal mucosa and cartilage.

What is Arytenoid congestion?

It is caused by the floppiness of the laryngeal tissues above the vocal cords. When a child with laryngomalacia breathes in, the tissues above the vocal cords fall in toward the airway and cause partial airway obstruction. This creates stridor or noisy breathing due to the voice box getting occluded.

What is an Arytenoid cartilage?

The arytenoid cartilages are paired pyramid-shaped structures of cartilage found in the larynx, which are essential to the production of vocal sound. They are located on the lateral part of the superior border of the lamina of the cricoid cartilage and help form the cricoarytenoid joints.

How do you treat a swollen Arytenoid?

In the acute inflammatory stage, arytenoid chondritis cases should be treated aggressively with intravenous antimicrobials and anti-inflammatories. A tracheotomy may need to be performed if the obstruction is severe. A tracheotomy allows the upper airway to “rest” since airflow will be diverted.

What causes chondritis in horses?

Chondritis is inflammation of the laryngeal cartilages and most notably the arytenoid cartilage (arytenoid chondritis). The inflammation can be caused by trauma or a low grade infection involving the arytenoid cartilage.

What causes Chondritis in horses?

What causes Texel throat?

Suggested causes of these mucosal lesions include drenching gun injuries, inhalation of grass awns, and repeated trauma to the larynx during dyspnoea [3,6,7].

What type of cartilage is Corniculate cartilage?

elastic cartilage
The corniculate cartilages (cartilages of Santorini) are two small conical nodules consisting of elastic cartilage, which articulate with the summits of the arytenoid cartilages and serve to prolong them posteriorly and medially.

What muscles move the arytenoid cartilages?

The muscles involved are the lateral cricoarytenoids, transverse and oblique arytenoids, and aryepiglottic muscles. Contraction of these muscles brings the aryepiglottic folds together and pulls the arytenoid cartilages toward the epiglottis.

What type of cartilage is corniculate cartilage?

Is corniculate cartilage hyaline?

Thyroid, cricoid, and most of arytenoids are hyaline cartilage and ossify with age. Epiglottis, corniculate, and vocal process of arytenoid are yellow fibrocartilage and do not tend to ossify.