What does the word gacaca mean?

The term ‘gacaca’ can be translated as ‘short grass’ referring to the public space where neighborhood male elders (abagabo) used to meet to solve local problems.

What is the gacaca process?

The solution was gacaca: a system of 12,000 community-based courts that sought to try genocide criminals while promoting forgiveness by victims, ownership of guilt by criminals, and reconciliation in communities as a way to move forward.

What are some issues with the Gacaca courts?

On the other hand, some rape victims whose cases were heard by closed-door gacaca courts said that the experience was less traumatic than they expected. One of the serious shortcomings of the gacaca process has been its failure to provide equal justice to all victims of serious crimes committed in 1994.

What is Rwandan armed forces FAR?

The Armed Forces of Rwanda (FAR) was the army of the ethnic Hutu-dominated Rwandan regime that carried out the genocide of 500,000 or more Tutsis and regime opponents in 1994. The Interahamwe was the civilian militia force that carried out much of the killing.

How long did Gacaca courts last?

Rwanda’s community courts, known as gacaca, have finished their work, after 10 years of trying those accused of involvement in the 1994 genocide. The courts were set up to speed up the prosecution of hundreds of thousands of genocide suspects awaiting trial.

How did the Rwandan Genocide end?

The genocide ended when the Tutsi-dominated rebel movement, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), captured Kigali. The RPF overthrew the Hutu government and seized power.

How did the world react to the Rwandan Genocide?

The international community largely ignored the Rwandan genocide, labeling it an “internal conflict.” The major powers at the United Nations discouraged international intervention.

Who trains the Rwandan military?

the Chinese army
Rwandan troops trained by Chinese military mark 25th anniversary of liberation. Rwandan troops trained by the Chinese army marched in the east African country’s grand military parade to mark the 25th anniversary of the liberation from genocide, even shouting commands in Mandarin.

How strong is the Rwandan military?

Rwanda’s armed forces totaled between 60,000 and 75,000 active troops in 2002 for all services including the National Police. The army of 49,000–64,000 are mostly infantry with equipment including 12 main battle tanks. The air force of about 1,000 operate at least five combat aircraft.

What are the four pillars of transitional justice?

According to the United Nations, the four key pillars of transitional justice are truth, justice, reparation and guarantee of non-recurrence.

What is leadership?

36 CHAPTER 1: LEADERSHIP—WHAT IS IT? Exhibit 2 Role of a Leader and the Relevance of an Indentity Story Leaders are “persons who, by word and/or personal example, markedly influence the behav – iors, thoughts, and/or feelings of a significant number of their fellow human beings.”

What is the definition of a good leader?

Leadership is the ability to adapt the setting so everyone feels empowered to contribute creatively to solving the problems. Leadership is an ability, meaning a leader has a capacity to do something through talent and skill.

What is the role of a leader?

Leadership acts on a setting, meaning a leader adjusts the state of the surroundings and people. A leader carefully observes those states and discerns significance looking for how to adapt the setting most effectively. Leadership empowers, meaning a leader inspires confidence and self-esteem.

Do leaders talk leadership?

Leaders talk leadership: Top executives speak their minds. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bennis, W. G., & Nanus, B. (1985). Leaders: The strategies for taking charge.