What ecosystems are in Asia?

West Asia contains a highly contrasting range of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems, ranging from Mediterranean forests, sandy and stony deserts, oases, savannas, plains, and rangelands, through to springs, lakes, mudflats, marshes, mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs.

Is Asia rich in biodiversity?

The Asia Pacific region is exceptionally rich in biodiversity. The tropical forests of South East Asia, the reefs of the ‘coral triangle’, the temperate forests and the large river basins found in the region are among the most unique on Earth.

What are the 4 main fields of ecology?

The four main levels of study in ecology are the organism, population, community, and ecosystem. Ecosystem processes are those that sustain and regulate the environment.

What are the 5 types of ecology?

The different types of ecology include- molecular ecology, organismal ecology, population ecology, community ecology, global ecology, landscape ecology and ecosystem ecology.

How many ecosystems does Asia have?

The eight terrestrial biomes described are: (1) tropical and subtropical wet broadleaf forests; (2) tropical moist deciduous forests; (3) tropical dry broadleaf forests;(4) temperate and mixed broadleaf and coniferous forests; (5) tropical, subtropical, and temperate coniferous forests; (6) grasslands and savannas; (7) …

What type of forests are found in Asia?

The ‘Forest Cover Map of Continental Southeast Asia’ displays the main forest formations, including evergreen mountain forest (> 1000m elevation), evergreen lowland forest (< 1000m elevation), deciduous forests (mixed and dry deciduous forests, Dry Dipterocarp forests), mangrove forests and swamp forests (around Tonle …

What is biodiversity of Asia?

The Asia-Pacific region, covering over 60 countries, is home to 17 of the 36 global biodiversity hotspots. Nearly 200 million people in the region directly depend on the forest for their non-timber forest products, medicine, food, fuel as well as other subsistence needs.

What are examples of ecology?

For instance, the study of humans and their relationship with the environment gives us human ecology. Alternatively, studying a food chain in a wetland area gives wetland ecology while the study of how termites or other small organisms interact with their habitat brings about niche construction ecology.

Why is ecology so important?

Why is ecology important? Ecology enriches our world and is crucial for human wellbeing and prosperity. It provides new knowledge of the interdependence between people and nature that is vital for food production, maintaining clean air and water, and sustaining biodiversity in a changing climate.

What is Asia’s main biome?

The major biomes delineated are (1) tropical rain forests, (2) tropical wet evergreen forests, (3) tropical moist forests, (4) tropical dry forests, (5) tropical thorn forests, (6) tropical desert, and (7) Himalayan temperate tundra.

What are the ecological features of West Asia?

West Asia is part of three eco-regions that incorporate a variety of ecosystems, including Mediterranean forests, deserts, plains, rangelands, savannas, oases, mountains, rivers, lakes, springs, mudflats, swamps, marshes, mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs, all of which provide a wide array of ecosystem services …

How important is landscape and regional ecology in Asian biodiversity conservation?

In particular,\rlandscape and regional ecology, which is among the weakest areas in Asian\recology, ought to play a much more important role. In general, to\rachieve any long-term success in biodiversity conservation, ecological\rrestoration, or environmental management, the landscape and regional context\rmust be explicitly considered. 4.

Why do we need to study Asian ecosystems?

They\ralso need to highlight the unique ecological and socioeconomic characteristics\rof Asian ecosystems, and accommodate the diverse needs of students and\rprofessionals who have different interests and backgrounds.

What is the percentage of irrigated cropland in Asia?

Almost 30% of irrigated cropland is moderately\rdesertified, of which Asia has the highest proportion. The\rAsia-Pacific region accounts for more than 70% of the world’s agricultural\rpopulation but only 30% of the world’s agricultural land.

What are the major problems in Asia?

In many regions\rof Asia, the loss of vegetation cover and soil erosion due to water and\rwind are seriously altering the structure and function of natural ecosystems.\r16% of Asia’s agricultural land are considered severely degraded (loss\rof 50% of its production potential).