What is medial to the mandible?

Medial surface: The medial surface contains the mandibular foramen through which the inferior alveolar nerve and inferior alveolar artery enter and subsequent course the mandibular canal. At the anterosuperior aspect of the mandibular foramen is a sharp process called the lingula of the mandible.

What structures are visible on the medial surface of mandible?

On the medial surface of the body of the mandible in the median plane are seen the mental spines; these give origin to the genioglossus muscles above and the geniohyoid muscles below.

How many muscles are attached to the mandible?

The four main muscles of mastication originate from the surface of the skull and they attach onto the rami of the mandible at the TMJ.

How does the mandible form?

The mandible forms as a bone (ossifies) over time from a left and right piece of cartilage, called Meckel’s cartilage. These cartilages form the cartilaginous bar of the mandibular arch.

Which part of the mandible attaches to the cranium?

The mandible articulates with the cranium via the temporomandibular joint. This is the joint that connects the mandible with the temporal bone of the…

What is the angle of mandible?

Anatomical terminology. The angle of the mandible (gonial angle) is located at the posterior border at the junction of the lower border of the ramus of the mandible.

What is the base of the mandible?

The base of mandible is the lower part of the body of the mandible, excluding the alveolar part.

What is a medial surface?

me·di·al sur·face. [TA] the surface of a part of the body that faces toward the midline. TA recognizes a medial surface on the following structures: arytenoid cartilage, cerebral hemisphere, fibula, ovary, testis, tibia, ulna. Synonym(s): facies medialis [TA]

What does the mandibular condyle articulate with?

The mandibular condyle, covered by a thin layer of fibrocartilage, is the major moving structure in the TMJ. It articulates against the glenoid fossa, also called mandibular fossa, which is a part of the upper temporal bone.

What is the function of mandible?

The mandible is the large bone that holds the lower teeth in place.

What is the hole in the mandible called?

The projecting chin, at the lower part of the body in the midline, is said to be a distinctive characteristic of the human skull. On either side of the chin is the mental foramen, an opening for the mental branch of the mandibular nerve, the third division of the fifth cranial nerve.

What is the anatomy of the mandible?

Anatomical Structure. The mandible consists of a horizontal body (anteriorly) and two vertical rami (posteriorly). The body and the rami meet on each side at the angle of the mandible. The body of the mandible is curved, and shaped much like a horseshoe.

What does the posterior border of the mandible look like?

posterior border thick, smooth, rounded and covered by the parotid gland. angle of the mandible is at its junction of the posterior border and the body medial pterygoid muscle inserts into the medial aspect of the angle of the mandible.

What is the function of the mandibular nerve?

The mandible’s relations to surrounding structures help determine its function. Notably, the inferior alveolar nerve, a branch of the mandibular nerve, accesses the mandible foramen and runs frontward, providing sensation to the lower set of teeth.

Where does the body of the mandible meet the Rami?

The body and the rami meet on each side at the angle of the mandible. The body of the mandible is curved, and shaped much like a horseshoe. It has two borders: Alveolar border (superior) – contains 16 sockets to hold the lower teeth. The body is marked in the midline by the mandibular symphysis.