What is the essence of curriculum development?
Curriculum development is defined as planned, a purposeful, progressive, and systematic process to create positive improvements in the educational system. Every time there are changes or developments happening around the world, the school curricula are affected.
What is teaching and learning methods?
A teaching method comprises the principles and methods used by teachers to enable student learning. These strategies are determined partly on subject matter to be taught and partly by the nature of the learner. In a teacher-centered approach to learning, teachers are the main authority figure in this model.
What is content in curriculum?
Curriculum content simply means the totality of what is to be taught in a school system. The content component of teaching learning situation refers to the important facts, principles and concepts to be taught. It can be in form of knowledge, skills, attitude and values that learners are exposed to.
What are the six approaches to curriculum?
According to Ornstein and Hunkins (2009) six curriculum approaches are Behavioral Approach, Managerial Approach, Systems Approach, Academic Approach, Reconceptualist Approach, and Humanistic Approach.
What is the importance of curriculum development?
Helps in the selection of learning experiences:- Curriculum development is needed for appropriate selection and organization of learning experiences. It helps in the selection of study matter and other activities so that learners are able to acquire goals and objectives of teaching.
What are the five stages of curriculum development?
PHASE I: PLANNING
- (1) Identify Issue/Problem/Need.
- (2) Form Curriculum Development Team.
- (3) Conduct Needs Assessment and Analysis.
- (4) State Intended Outcomes.
- (5) Select Content.
- (6) Design Experiential Methods.
- (7) Produce Curriculum Product.
- (8) Test and Revise Curriculum.
What is the recommended curriculum?
The Recommended Curriculum is the name given to the curriculum construed by the educational stakeholders at the national level. It is more general and usually consists of policy guidelines. It actually reflects the impact of “opinion shapers” such as: policy makers. educationists.
What are the different curriculum development approaches?
Humanistic Approach Rooted in the progressive philosophy and child-centered movement Considers the formal or planned curriculum and the informal or hidden curriculum. 25. Humanistic Approach Considers the whole child and believes that in curriculum the total development of the individual is the prime consideration.
What is content in teaching and learning?
The topics, themes, beliefs, behaviours, concepts and facts, often grouped within each subject or learning area under knowledge, skills, values and attitudes, that are expected to be learned and form the basis of teaching and learning.
What are the basic characteristics of curriculum development?
The Curriculum provides for the logical sequence of subject matter. Learning is developmental. Classes and activities should be planned. A good curriculum provides continuity of experiences.
What are the four basic elements of curriculum?
Curriculum is viewed and defined in terms of the four major elements: objectives, contents, instruction, and evaluation.
What is meant by curriculum development?
Curriculum development can be defined as the step-by-step process used to create positive improvements in courses offered by a school, college or university. As a result, an institution must have a plan in place for acknowledging these shifts—and then be able to implement them in the college curriculum.
What are the two main approaches in curriculum development?
Commonly used approaches consist of analysis (i.e. need analysis, task analysis), design (i.e. objective design), selecting (i.e. choosing appropriate learning/teaching methods and appropriate assessment methods) formation ( i.e. formation of the curriculum implementation committee / curriculum evaluation committee) …
What are some examples of hidden curriculum?
Examples of things taught through the ‘hidden curriculum include:
- respecting authority.
- respect for other pupils’ opinions.
- aspiring to achieve.
- having a ‘work ethic’
What is the example of null curriculum?
An example of null curriculum at work would be a flight lesson focused on learning to fly the traffic pattern without the flight instructor mentioning the importance of being vigilant in watching for other traffic.