What is the nasopharyngeal airway?

The nasopharyngeal airway (NPA) is a simple airway adjunct used in a number of healthcare disciplines, by staff trained to varying levels of competence in airway management. It has advantages over the oropharyngeal airway (OPA) as it can be used in patients with an intact gag reflex, trismus or oral trauma.

What is a nasotracheal intubation (NPA)?

An NPA should be part of everyone healthcare provider’s arsenal for basic airway management. Nasotracheal intubation, although rarely utilized, should not be placed by the wayside and should be a skill maintained by any healthcare provider who normally intubates patients to maintain their airway.

What is a pharyngeal airway?

Pharyngeal airways (both nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal) are a component of preliminary upper airway management for patients with apnea or severe ventilatory failure, which also includes

When is a nasopharyngeal airway (Paa) indicated?

A nasopharyngeal airway is indicated when the insertion of an OPA is technically difficult or dangerous. Examples of this include patients with a gag reflex, trismus (or lockjaw), wiring of the jaws, or massive trauma around the mouth.

Is the nasopharyngeal airway a useful adjunct for basal skull fracture?

Abstract. The nasopharyngeal airway (NPA) is a simple airway adjunct used by various healthcare professionals. It has some advantages over the oropharyngeal airway (OPA) but despite this it appears to be used less frequently. This may be due to fears over intracranial placement in cases of possible basal skull fracture.

What is invasive airway management (IAM)?

Invasive airway management involves establishing a secure airway and placing patients on a ventilator via intubation (nasal or endotracheal), needle jet ventilation (in pediatric patients younger than 8 years old, cricothyroidotomy in adults and in pediatric patients older than 8 years old), and tracheostomy.[1][2][3]

What are the benefits of nasopharyngeal airway maneuvers?

Nasopharyngeal airway maneuvers can be very useful to medical professionals when needing to provide adequete airway management to patient’s with respiratory complaints.