What was the administrative system of Sher Shah?
Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. His administration has been centralised administration just like sultanate period.
Who contributed greatly to the development of the revenue policy of Sher Shah?
Sher Shah after getting the entire land surveyed by Ahmad Khan, an intimate friend and trusted officer of his empire, decided the revenue to be paid by the cultivator. He divided the land into three categories : (i) Good, (ii) Medium, (iii) Bad.
What was the revenue reforms of Sher Shah?
He introduced the so called Patta and Kabuliyat (or Qabuliyat) system of land deeds. Under Patta system, the area sown, types of crops cultivated and revenue share was duly written on paper. The Qabuliyat system involved a deed agreement between the peasant and the government.
What are the administrative reforms of Sher Shah?
Sher Shah abolished all those duties which were charged on merchandise at different places within his empire. He ordered for the collection of trade-tax only at two places—one, when and where the goods entered the territory of his empire and, the other, where it was sold. This encouraged trade and commerce.
Who was the revenue minister of Sher Shah Suri?
Sher Shah’s rule lasted for five years and he organized a brilliant administrative system. The central government consisted of several departments. The king was assisted by four important ministers: Diwan-i-Wizarat – also called as Wazir – in charge of Revenue and Finance.
What were the two things to which Sher Shah gave utmost importance in administration?
Answer: One of the greatest achievements of Sher Shah in administration was his construction of roads connecting important parts of his empire with his capital. He repaired many old roads and constructed new ones also. He planted shade- giving trees and trees of fruits on both sides of the roads.
Why is Sher Shah known as a good administrator?
Sher Shah known as a good administrator because of following reasons: 1. Sher Shah divided his empire into provinces sarkars. 2. Each province had a governor with his team of officials to carry out the administrative duties.
Which was the most important improvement in Sher Shah’s reform?
He introduced a new silver based currency called the Rupiya and standardized the weight and composition of the currency. Sher Shah’s currency is the forerunner of the Rupee currency of modern India. 3.
Who was Sher Shah Suri remarkable about his administration?
Answer. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. His administration has been centralised administration just like sultanate period.
What was the most important reform in the reformation of Sher Shah?
He introduced important land reform system. He appointed officials for carefully surveying the land. The land was measured. Based on its fertility, the land was divided into three categories-good, middling and bad.
Whose administrative practices did Sher Shah Suri borrow to make his rule more efficient?
Although the Suri dynasty ruled for only a short period i.e. 15 years, it introduced an administration that borrowed elements from Alauddin Khilji and made them more efficient.
Why is Sher Shah known as a good administration?
What was the revenue system of Sher Shah?
Sher Shah saved his country from the ill-effects of the arbitrary land revenue system and he laid the foundation of the policy of co-operation between the Govt. and the peasants. However, some historians and scholars point out certain defects in the revenue system of Sher Shah.
What was the mode of assessment and realization of revenue?
The mode of assessment and realization of the revenue as the rate of payment by the cultivators was sought to be built by Sher Shah. About the revenue administration of this period, our information or evidences, which we can use for ascertaining the nature of Sur Revenue administration, is rather limited.
Why did Sher Shah change his Amils after a year?
“After an year or two, he (Sher Shah) changed his amils and sent fresh ones for he used to say: ‘I have examined very closely and have come to the finding on the basis of my experience and observation that there is not so much of room for making money in other professions as in case of amils ’. ”
What are the evidences furnished by Abbas Khan Sarwani?
The third set of evidences is furnished, again by Abbas Khan Sarwani. But this evidence of Abbas Khan is that which he furnishes in the concluding chapter of his narrative and which pertains to the Sur administration in general. This is rather meagre information.