What was the result of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey?
It was the most damaging earthquake in Turkey, causing the death of 17,000 people and leaving more than 250,000 people homeless. It was followed by the magnitude 7.2 Duzce Earthquake on 12 November 1999, which also occurred on the North Anatolian Fault and caused at least 845 deaths in Duzce and surrounding areas.
What were the effects of the earthquake in Turkey?
It was one of the biggest natural disasters of the century, causing the death of over 17,000 people and leaving over 100,000 families homeless. It caused damage in a densely populated area over 30,000 square kilometres wide, involving eight urban agglomerations (see also paras 7-10).
What was the most damaging earthquake in Turkey?
İzmit earthquake of 1999
İzmit earthquake of 1999, also called Kocaeli earthquake or Gölcük earthquake, devastating earthquake that struck near the city of İzmit in northwestern Turkey on August 17, 1999. Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed.
How many people were killed or injured by the 1999 earthquake in Kocaeli Turkey what was the effect of the earthquake on Turkey’s gross national product?
The Kocaeli, Turkey, earthquake struck near the city of Izmit on August 17, 1999. According to official government estimates (as of October 19, 1999), it killed 17,127, and injured more than 43,953 people.
When was the worst earthquake in Turkey?
The worst earthquake in Turkish history killed an estimated 40,000 people in the eastern province of Erzincan in 1939. A 6.3-magnitude quake hit Turkey on June 27, 1998, killing 144 people and injuring over 1,500 around the southern city of Adana.
When was the last big earthquake in Turkey?
On 30th of October 2020, a 6,6 magnitude (some sources say 6,9-7,0) earthquake in the Aegean Sea hit Izmir and surroundings, killing 114 people and injuring over a thousand. The quake even caused a tsunami in Sigacik (ancient Teos) town.
What fault is in Turkey?
Anatolian transform fault system
The Anatolian transform fault system is probably the most active in the world. It separates the Eurasian plate from the Anatolian plate in northern Turkey. Some of the most destructive earthquakes in history have been caused by movement along this fault. Lake Hazar lies along the East Anatolian transform fault.
What caused the Turkey earthquake 2020?
The earthquake occurred as a result of pure normal faulting at a shallow crustal depth within the Aegean Sea Plate in the eastern Aegean Sea, about 250 km north of the closest plate boundary.
Which part of Turkey is prone to earthquake?
Turkey’s main source of earthquake activity comes from a set of fault lines running across the north, from west to east, and concentrating southwest of Istanbul. This was the set that caused the major quake in 1999, and many others.
How long did the earthquake in Turkey 2020 last?
2020 Elazığ earthquake
|Relief workers in Elazığ trying to reach survivors in a collapsed building|
|Show map of Southeast Turkey Show map of Turkey Show all|
|Local time||20:55 TRT (UTC+3:00)|
|Magnitude||6.7 Mw 6.8 ML|
Why does Turkey have so many devastating earthquakes?
Turkey is a seismically active area within the complex zone of collision between the Eurasian Plate and both the African and Arabian Plates. Much of the country lies on the Anatolian Plate, a small plate bounded by two major strike-slip fault zones, the North Anatolian Fault and East Anatolian Fault.
Are earthquakes common in Turkey?
Turkey is one of the most earthquake prone regions in the world and geological surveys indicate that the Akkuyu Bay site is seismically very active and so incurring a serious risk of a nuclear catastrophe threatening lives of millions of people in Turkey, Cyprus, Greece and other countries in the region.
Where did the earthquake in Turkey happen in 1999?
İzmit earthquake of 1999Buildings damaged by the İzmit earthquake in Turkey, 1999.U.S. The earthquake, which occurred on the northernmost strand of the North Anatolian fault system, struck just after 3:00 am local time. Its epicentre was about 7 miles (11 km) southeast of İzmit.
What happened on August 17th 1999 in Turkey?
lowing the August 17, 1999, earthquake. The support re tute in Bogazici University is gratefully acknowledged. Spe guidance during one of these visits. The research grant fund possible. D. 2001. The August 17, 1999, K ocaeli (T urkey) earthquake — lifelines and earthquake preparedness.
What caused the Kocaeli earthquake in 1999?
The moment magnitude (M W ) 7.4 Kocaeli, Turkey, earthquake struck the Kocaeli province of northwestern Turkey on Tuesday, August 17, 1999, at 3:02 a.m. local time. The cause of the earthquake was the sudden breakage, or rupture, of the Earth’s crust along a western branch of the 1,500-km-long North Anatolian fault system.
What was the intensity of the 1999 İzmit earthquake?
/ 40.748; 29.864 During the summer of 1999, Turkey was hit by a series of earthquakes. The mainshock of the İzmit earthquake, also known as the Kocaeli earthquake or Gölcük earthquake, occurred on August 17th, with it’s Epicenter located in İzmit, with a moment magnitude of 7.6, and maximum Mercalli intensity of IX ( violent).