Which vein is found in the M shaped vein pattern?

median cubital vein
The median cubital vein variably forms as either an H- or M-shaped pattern.

What is the M pattern in phlebotomy?

Phlebotomy and Blood Specimen Collection. The ante cubital fossa or elbow pit is the triangular area on the anterior view of the elbow. Median cubital vein connects the basilic and cephalic veins in the antecubital fossa. With cephalic and basilic veins on both sides, it usually forms a H or M pattern.

What are the two patterns of veins in the antecubital fossa?

The most common pattern observed was the median antebrachial vein, dividing into median cephalic and median basilic veins, which join the cephalic and the basilic veins, respectively, with a variation.

Why is median cubital vein preferred for venipuncture?

When puncturing the cephalic vein is difficult because it is not visible, the median cubital vein at the cubital fossa is selected for venipuncture because of its cross-sectional area and visibility; however, care is needed to avoid penetrating the vein because the median nerve and brachial artery are present …

What are antecubital veins?

The median cubital vein (antecubital vein) is a prominent superficial upper limb vessel. Its location is in the cubital fossa, on the anterior/flexor aspect of the elbow joint. This region of the upper limb is sometimes referred to as the antecubital area.

What veins are in the antecubital area?

The most site for venipuncture is the antecubital fossa located in the anterior elbow at the fold. This area houses three veins: the cephalic, median cubital, and basilic veins (Figure 1).

What is antecubital?

What body part is antecubital?

The Cubital Fossa is a triangular-shaped depression, located between the forearm and the arm on the anterior surface of the elbow, with the apex of the triangle pointing distally. It is also known as the “antecubital” because it lies anteriorly to the elbow.

What is Antebrachial vein?

The median antebrachial vein is a superficial vein of the anterior forearm that drains the superficial structures of the forearm and wrist between the basilic and cephalic veins.

What is an antecubital vein?

What is the difference between antecubital and cubital?

As adjectives the difference between antecubital and cubital is that antecubital is (anatomy) pertaining to, or situated in the anterior part of the elbow (cubitus) while cubital is (anatomy) of or pertaining to the cubit or ulna.

What is right antecubital fossa?

The cubital fossa is an area of transition between the anatomical arm and the forearm. It is located in a depression on the anterior surface of the elbow joint. It is also called the antecubital fossa because it lies anteriorly to the elbow (Latin cubitus) when in standard anatomical position.

What are the different patterns of superficial cubital veins?

Pattern types of superficial cubital veins (C – cephalic vein, B – basilic vein, MAV – median antebrachial vein, MCV – median cephalic vein, MBV – median basilic vein, MCuV – median cubital vein).

Where is the antecubital vein located in the forearm?

It is quite large and is located in the antecubital fossa, which is a prime location for drawing blood. It is one of the forearm’s main superficial veins. Specifically, this vein branches off laterally from the intermediate antebrachial vein.

What is the first choice for venipuncture in the M shape?

(also called the intermediate anterbrachail vein) the first choice for Venipuncture in the M-shaped pattern because it is well anchored, tends to be less painful to puncture, and is not as close to major nerves or arteries as the others, making it generally the safest ones to uses Also called the intermediate cephalic vein.

Is there an accessory median cubital vein proximal to the main trunk?

Therefore, medical practitioners should be aware of potential anatomical variations in the cubital fossa [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]. … In such instances, an accessory median cubital vein is found proximal to the main trunk, as in the case presented in this report.