Who were the Montoneros in Argentina?

Montoneros (Spanish: Movimiento Peronista Montonero-MPM) was an Argentine left-wing peronist guerrilla organization, active during the 1960s and 1970s. The name is an allusion to the 19th-century cavalry militias called Montoneras, who fought for the Federalist Party during the Argentine Civil Wars.

What is the Peronist movement?

Peronism, also called justicialism, is an Argentine political movement based on the ideas and legacy of Argentine ruler Juan Perón (1895–1974). It has been an influential movement in 20th and 21st century Argentine politics.

Which did the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo do?

The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo were the first major group to organize against the Argentina regime’s human rights violations. Together, the women created a dynamic and unexpected force, which existed in opposition to traditional constraints on women in Latin America.

What is Juan Peron famous for?

Juan Perón was a populist and authoritarian president of Argentina and founder of the Peronist movement. He set the country on a course of industrialization and state intervention in the economy in order to bring greater economic and social benefits to the growing working class, but he also suppressed opposition.

What are gauchos in Argentina?

gaucho, the nomadic and colourful horseman and cowhand of the Argentine and Uruguayan Pampas (grasslands), who flourished from the mid-18th to the mid-19th century and has remained a folk hero similar to the cowboy in western North America.

Who supports Peron?

During his first presidential term (1946–52), Perón was supported by his second wife, Eva Duarte (“Evita”): they were immensely popular among the Argentine working class.

Who overthrew Peron?

Threatened by a growing popular insurrection, the government organized an election to exit power in which Peronist parties were allowed (although Perón’s candidacy was banned). The election took place in 1973 and the Peronist candidate Héctor José Cámpora won with 49.53% of the votes. He assumed power on May 25, 1973.

Why do mothers eventually split?

The mothers eventually split into two groups. Bonafini’s group, while still active and important today, became embroiled in a corruption scandal during the government of former president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner that discredited her cause in the eyes of many.

What ended the dirty war in Argentina?

All were killed in an attempt by the junta to silence social and political opposition. By the 1980s, economic collapse, public discontent, and the disastrous handling of the Falklands War, resulted in the end of the Junta and the restoration of democracy in Argentina, effectively ending the Dirty War.

What is the meaning of Peron?

an enlisted man or woman who serves in an army.