Why was Europe the first to industrialize?
Historians have identified several reasons for why the Industrial Revolution began first in Britain, including: the effects of the Agricultural Revolution, large supplies of coal, geography of the country, a positive political climate, and a vast colonial empire.
What was the first European country to industrialize?
What two factors explain why the industrial revolution began first in Europe?
What two factors explain why the Industrial Revolution began first in Europe? One: Europe had many small competitive states that were all trying to become better than the other in a way. This made it an optimal place for revolution to take place because there was the factor of wanting to be more powerful pushing them.
When did Industrialisation begin in Europe what were its consequences Class 10?
Answer. Industrialisation through innovation in manufacturing processes first started with the Industrial Revolution in the north-west and Midlands of England in the 18th century. It spread to Europe and North America in the 19th century.
How did the Industrial Revolution in Europe affect India?
Indian farmers were forced to produce cotton plantation so that it can fuel English factories as India was then under British rule. 4. Industrial Revolution brought severe consequences to society. Farmers were forced to grow cash crops in place of food crops, which resulted in awfully deadly famines in India.
How did industrialization impact India?
The end result was famine and poverty. Therefore, industrial revolution turned India into a source of raw materials for British industries as well as a market for its finished products. The Indian economy also dwindled because its industrialization process was slowed down. Poverty and starvation also became common.
What was the impact of industrialization?
The effects of industrialization included a significant population growth, the urbanization or expansion of the cities, improved access to food, a growing demand for raw materials and the development of new social classes formed by capitalists, a working class, and eventually a middle class.
What was the effect of the Industrial Revolution?
The Industrial Revolution brought about sweeping changes in economic and social organization. These changes included a wider distribution of wealth and increased international trade. Managerial hierarchies also developed to oversee the division of labor.
What were the main causes of the industrial revolution?
Historians have identified several causes for the Industrial Revolution, including: the emergence of capitalism, European imperialism, efforts to mine coal, and the effects of the Agricultural Revolution. Capitalism was a central component necessary for the rise of industrialization.
What were the causes and effects of industrial revolution?
KEY IDEA: CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION: Innovations in agriculture, production, and transportation led to the Industrial Revolution, which originated in Western Europe and spread over time to Japan and other regions. This led to major population shifts and transformed economic and social systems.
What were some problems of the industrial revolution?
Poor workers were often housed in cramped, grossly inadequate quarters. Working conditions were difficult and exposed employees to many risks and dangers, including cramped work areas with poor ventilation, trauma from machinery, toxic exposures to heavy metals, dust, and solvents.
What is the negative effects of industrialization?
Industrialization is the transformation of a society from agrarian to a manufacturing or industrial economy. Industrialization contributes to negative externalities such as environmental pollution. Separation of capital and labor creates a disparity in incomes between laborers and those who control capital resources.