Is TATA box upstream or downstream?

The TATA box is usually located 25-35 base pairs upstream of the transcription start site. Genes containing the TATA box usually require additional promoter elements, including an initiator site located just upstream of the transcription start site and a downstream core element (DCE).

What happens at a TATA box?

A TATA box is a DNA sequence that indicates where a genetic sequence can be read and decoded. It is a type of promoter sequence, which specifies to other molecules where transcription begins. Transcription is a process that produces an RNA molecule from a DNA sequence.

What is purpose of TATA box?

Abstract. Work from a number of laboratories has indicated that the TATA box sequence can act as a basal promoter element not only for RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) transcription, but also for transcription by RNA polymerase III (RNAP III).

What is TATA box full form?

The TATA-binding protein (TBP) is a general transcription factor that binds specifically to a DNA sequence called the TATA box. This DNA sequence is found about 30 base pairs upstream of the transcription start site in some eukaryotic gene promoters.

What happens if the TATA box is deleted?

Deletion of a TATA box results in loss of the corresponding cap sites. An insertion of 7 bp between the right TATA box and corresponding cap sites results in a shift of the position of the cap sites, so that the original distance of TATA box to cap sites is conserved as much as possible.

Is the TATA box a transcription factor?

TATA-box-binding protein (TBP) is a highly conserved RNA polymerase II general transcription factor that binds to the core promoter and initiates assembly of the preinitiation complex.

Is TBP required for transcription?

TBP is required for RNA polymerase II (pol II) transcription from promoters containing conventional TATA elements as well as functionally distinct promoters that lack TATA-like sequences.

Is TATA box on template strand?

The core promoter region is located most proximal to the start codon and contains the RNA polymerase binding site, TATA box, and transcription start site (TSS). RNA polymerase will bind to this core promoter region stably and transcription of the template strand can initiate.

Is TATA box on coding strand?

It contains a TATA box, which has a sequence (on the coding strand) of 5′-TATAAA-3′. The first eukaryotic general transcription factor binds to the TATA box.

What is the role of 3 UTR?

The 3′-untranslated region plays a crucial role in gene expression by influencing the localization, stability, export, and translation efficiency of an mRNA. It contains various sequences that are involved in gene expression, including microRNA response elements (MREs), AU-rich elements (AREs), and the poly(A) tail.