What is the purpose of the Ainsworth Strange Situation?

The Strange Situation is a semi-structured laboratory procedure that allows us to identify, without lengthy home observation, infants who effectively use a primary caregiver as a secure base.

What is Ainsworth theory of attachment?

Ainsworth divided attachment into three different styles: secure, insecure avoidant, and insecure ambivalent/resistant. Children with secure attachment styles are confident that their attachment figure will be available to meet their needs.

What is the most significant contribution Mary Ainsworth made to developmental psychology?

Mary Ainsworth was a developmental psychologist who conducted groundbreaking research on attachment theory. She is best known for her “strange situation” experiment, which helped identify the different types of attachment between children and their caregivers.

What is a Strange Situation in psychology?

an experimental technique used to assess quality of attachment in infants and young children (up to the age of 2). The procedure subjects the child to increasing amounts of stress induced by a strange setting, the entrance of an unfamiliar person, and two brief separations from the parent.

What is John Bowlby known for?

John Bowlby, in full Edward John Mostyn Bowlby, (born February 26, 1907, London, England—died September 2, 1990, Isle of Skye, Scotland), British developmental psychologist and psychiatrist best known as the originator of attachment theory, which posits an innate need in very young children to develop a close emotional …

What did John Bowlby believe?

Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers have a tremendous impact that continues throughout life. He suggested that attachment also serves to keep the infant close to the mother, thus improving the child’s chances of survival.

What did Diana Baumrind contribution to psychology?

Her major contribution was the identification of two central dimensions of parents’ behavior — structured expectations and responsiveness — and the discovery that these dimensions in combination revealed three main parenting styles.

Who did Mary Ainsworth influence?

Mary Ainsworth
Scientific career
Fields Psychoanalysis
Doctoral advisor William E. Blatz
Influences William McDougall John Bowlby

What is insecurely attached?

People with an insecure attachment style generally have trouble making emotional connections with others. They can be aggressive or unpredictable toward their loved ones—a behavior that is rooted in the lack of consistent love and affection they experienced in their childhood.

What did John Bowlby research?

John Bowlby (1907-1990) John Bowlby was a 20th century psychologist and psychiatrist best known for his research into attachment formation and his development of attachment theory.

Was Bowlby a psychiatrist?

John Bowlby was a psychiatrist and paediatrician whose work on the bond between mother and child led to his development of ‘Attachment Theory’, which has profoundly influenced not just psychotherapy, but parenting styles around the world.

What did John Bowlby contribute to psychology?